c) New eastern Jewish languages show numerous keeps: biggest stress (1), change out-of [Theta] to 1 (4), reinterpretation out of verb class while the profile (5), and you will reflexive pronouns considering nos- (17). These are areal possess which duration might separate ranging from Halabja for the one-hand and you will Koy Sanjaq and Azerbaijan toward most other. This is not clear in which dialect all of them develop, however they are almost certainly borrowed from just one toward someone else and not passed down in keeping.
This type of three big groups off isoglosses represent simply a tiny part of your own proof in fact it is brought to incur to your taxonomy of your NENA languages. Hoberman (1988, 573), playing with evidence regarding pronouns, reveals the current presence of a northern Iraqi dialect group (right here portrayed from the Zakho, Tisqopa, and you can Aradhin) and that cannot be understood in line with the minimal investigation displayed here. All it takes now’s one another thicker meanings of your languages currently documented, in order for usual and you may pinpointing attributes can be acquired, and now have field-work to checklist the many languages which are to your verge regarding extinction.
step one Thank-you are due to people who shared data and guidance, such as Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, recensioni sto incontri disabili and Jo Rubba. Age.H. summer stipend.
Eg, f and you will grams was basically chosen when you look at the terminology instance etrog ‘citron’ and you can sefer ‘scroll of one’s law’, in which regarding the passed on Aramaic vocabulary f could have become p and grams will have disappeared
step 3 Garbell (1964, 100-103) states that the audio system off Jewish Azerbaiaic out-of Kurdish. This lady no. 1 research for it is the enunciation regarding Hebrew loan-terms contained in this dialect. Hebrew loanwords into the Jewish Azerbaijani keep some tunes which were erased otherwise combined with individuals on the well-known Neo-Aramaic code. Garbell says these retentions establish that these Hebrew terminology was lent originally inside the Kurdish, hence a group of Kurdish sound system later shifted in order to Neo-Aramaic. It seems probably be that Hebrew issues in the dialect did not be involved in new sound changes in concern because of new unique spiritual register to which it fall-in. They could have even changed immediately after which been recovered with the basis of your own conventional pronunciation away from neighboring communities.
4 An increasing + demonstrates that next term try obvious towards suprasegmental element ‘emphasis’ which is located to some extent in every NENA dialects. Phonetically, importance is actually advanced, but its first part is velarization, and is also commonly as a result of the presence of the latest emphatic consonants t and you may s.
eight Throughout the dialect from Tyari [Theta] have a tendency to becomes s. This dialect, which had been spoken just before 1915 in the a neighbor hood out-of Hakkari, isn’t chatted about right here while the product on it was diminished.
8 That isn’t obvious if or not this type can be found when you look at the new Halabja dialect. My personal informants from there know they, however, said it actually was way more characteristic of the nearby town of Suleimaniya. Whatever the case, it is unfamiliar throughout the dialect of Jews off Sanandaj.
9 Robert Hoberman ways for me the NENA forms may now have originated from an unattested metathesized age[Theta]peel ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. From inside the Bono Homini Donum: Essays for the Historical Linguistics for the Recollections away from J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you will Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Education regarding Theory and you may Reputation for Linguistic Research, show IV. Most recent Items within the Linguistic Idea sixteen. Area II, 613-forty-two. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
A query for the Formation of Middle Aramaic Dialects
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Apartment Terms and you can Syllables in the Jewish Eastern The newest Aramaic out of Persian Azerbaijan together with Continguous Areas (An issue of Multilingualism). Inside Degree in Egyptology and you can Linguistics honoring H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Mining Community.